LPIC-1 exam 101 exam Dumps

101-500 exam Format | Course Contents | Course Outline | exam Syllabus | exam Objectives

Course Outline: LPIC-101 Certified Linux Administrator

This course prepares students to take the 101 exam of the LPI level 1 certification. The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) is the go to certification body for vendor independent Linux certifications. This course covers fundamental Linux skills such as file management and manipulation, text processing, command line use, package management, filesystems, hardware, and many more. Students will feel confident taking the LPI LPIC-1 101 exam with in classroom assessments and practice exams.

Module 1: Work on the command line
- Role of command shell
- Shells
- Gathering system info
- Identifying the shell
- Changing the shell
- Shell prompts
- Bash: bourne-again shell
- Navigating the filesystem
- Help from commands and documentation
- Getting help within the graphical desktop
- Getting help with man $ info
- Bash: command line history
- Bash: command editing
- Bash: command completion
- Shell and environment variables
- Key environment variables Lab tasks
- Help with commands
- Linux shells
- Shell variables
- Bash history
- Aliases
Module 2: Use streams, pipes, and redirects
- File redirection
- Piping commands together
- Filename matching
- File globbing and wildcard patterns
- Brace expansion
- General quoting rules
- Nesting commands
- Gotchas: maximum command length
Lab tasks
- Redirection and pipes
- Wildcard file matching
- Shell meta-characters
- Command substitution
Module 3: Manage file permissions and ownership
- Filesystem hierarchy standard
- Displaying directory contents
- Filesystem structures
- Determining disk usage with df and du
- File ownership
- Default group ownership
- File and directory permissions
- File creation permissions with umask
- Changing file permissions
- Suid and sgid on files
- Sgid and sticky bit on directories
- User private group scheme
Lab tasks
- Navigating directories and listing files
- Disk and filesystem usage
- File and directory ownership and permissions
Module 4: Create, delete, find, and display files
- Directory manipulation
- File manipulation
- Deleting and creating files
- Physical unix file structure
- Filesystem links
- File extensions and content
- Which and type
- Whereis
- Searching the filesystem
- Alternate search method
- Manually installed shared libraries
Lab tasks
- Manipulating files and directories
Module 5: Work with archives and compression
- Archives with tar
- Archives with cpio
- The gzip compression utility
- The bzip2 compression utility
- The xz compression utility
- The pkzip archiving/compression format
Lab tasks
- Archiving and compression
- Using tar for backups
- Using cpio for backups
Module 6: Process text streams using filters
- Producing file statistics
- The streaming editor
- Replacing text characters
- Text sorting
- Duplicate removal utility
- Extracting columns of text
- Displaying files
- Prepare text for display
- Previewing files
- Displaying binary files
- Combining files and merging text
Lab tasks
- Text processing
- Processing text streams
Module 7: Search text files using regular expressions
- Searching inside files
- Regular expression overview
- Regular expressions
- Re character classes
- Regex quantifiers
- Re parenthesis
Lab tasks
- Pattern matching with regular expressions
- Extended regular expressions
- Using regular expressions with sed
Module 8: Perform basic file editing operations using vi
- Text editing
- Vi and vim
- Learning vim
- Basic vi
- Intermediate vi
Lab tasks
- Text editing with vim
Module 9: Create, monitor, and kill processes
- What is a process-
- Process lifecycle
- Process states
- Viewing processes
- Signals
- Tools to send signals
- Managing processes
- Tuning process scheduling
- Job control overview
- Job control commands
- Nohup and disown
- Uptime
- Persistent shell sessions with screen
- Using screen
- Advanced screen
Lab tasks
- Job control basics
- Process management basics
- Screen basics
- Using screen regions
Module 10: Use rpm, yum, and debian package management
- Managing software
- Rpm architecture
- Working with rpms
- Querying and verifying with rpm
- Installing debian packages
- Querying and verifying with dpkg
- The alien package conversion tool
- Managing software dependencies
- Using the yum command
- Yumdownloader
- Configuring yum
- The dselect $ apt frontends to dpkg
- Aptitude
- Configuring apt
Lab tasks
- Working with rpms on ubuntu
- Querying the rpm database
Module 11: Work with partitions, filesystems, and disk quotas
- Partition considerations
- Logical volume management
- Filesystem planning
- Partitioning disks with fdisk $ gdisk
- Resizing a gpt partition with gdisk
- Partitioning disks with parted
- Filesystem creation
- Filesystem support
- Unix/linux filesystem features
- Swap
- Selecting a filesystem
- Filesystem maintenance
- Mounting filesystems
- Mounting filesystems
- Managing an xfs filesystem
- Nfs
- Smb
- Filesystem table (/etc/fstab)
- Configuring disk quotas
- Setting quotas
- Viewing and monitoring quotas
Lab tasks
- Hot adding swap
- Accessing nfs shares
- Setting user quotas
Module 12: Linux boot process
- Booting Linux on pcs
- Grub 2
- Grub 2 configuration
- Grub legacy configuration
- Boot parameters
- Init
- Linux runlevels aliases
- Systemd local-fs.target and sysinit.target
- Runlevel implementation
- System boot method overview
- Systemd system and service manager
- Systemd targets
- Using systemd
- Shutdown and reboot
- System messaging commands
- Controlling system messaging
Lab tasks
- Command line messaging
- Messaging with talkd
- Boot process
- Grub command line
- Basic grub security
Module 13: Determine and configure hardware settings
- Managing Linux device files
- Hardware discovery tools
- Configuring new hardware with hwinfo
- Pc architecture and bus
- Dma $ irq
- Usb devices
- Usb configuration
- Configuring kernel components and modules
- Kernel modules
- Handling module dependencies
- Configuring the kernel via /proc/
- Kernel hardware info /sys/
- /sys/ structure
- Random numbers and /dev/random
Lab tasks
- Adjusting kernel options
Module 14: linux fundamentals
- Unix and its design principles
- Fsf and gnu
- Gpl general public license
- The linux kernel
- Components of a distribution
- Red hat linux products
- Suse linux products
- Debian
- Ubuntu
- Logging in
- Got root-
- Switching user contexts
Gathering login session info
Lab tasks
- Login and discovery
- Switching users with su

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MEP design considerations for rural hospitals

Rural hospitals present enjoyable alternatives and challenges for healthcare facility operators. commonly, the infrastructure and constructing systems have not been updated for years and require tremendous improvements with a purpose to meet these days’s modern scientific calls for. moreover, as these smaller, extra far flung hospitals are acquired by using higher regional and country wide healthcare methods, the 1st step through new possession is regularly to replace and rehabilitate the building. 

however how can this be executed thoughtfully, economically, and correctly in ways in which permit the engineering and facility personnel to adapt to the changes? and the way can the updates precisely mirror the specific needs of rural communities and the afflictions with which these areas most generally face?

Getting began

To have in mind the updates necessary for a mechanical, electrical, or plumbing (MEP) gadget upgrade for a rural sanatorium, the first step is to remember the present device and configuration of the linked renovation scope. an intensive review of any existing drawings, together with old renovations, should still be studied to have in mind the MEP systems in the proposed renovation scope. 

As you check the latest drawings, seek the original building date of development and the age of the existing mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) infrastructure techniques within the building. Then assessment any advice purchasable on outdated renovations which have already came about. The purpose is to have a great realizing of the present programs and the way they have been modified over the life of the constructing, and profit skills of the current device configuration inside the constructing.

discovering ambitions:+ bear in mind the present facility and present MEP systems/capacities and ask smart questions before planning and designing a renovation.+ Garner what code the power turned into designed to because it pertains to the a number of national and native codes and evaluate to the newer models for MEP system impacts.+ be certain MEP device is sized to be power efficient, code compliant, and renovation free/friendly.+ understand the linked price range with an MEP renovation in a rural community. Labor pool, distance to foremost market, and upkeep departments have a cost influence in a renovation.

To earn 1.0 AIA getting to know units or 1.0 PDH, take the examination posted at BD+C institution.

After reviewing the existing condition drawings for the proposed renovation area, connect with the proprietor and key amenities staff with a view to talk about and be mindful the present concerns or complications the team of workers deals with on a regular groundwork. This dialogue with facilities team of workers can inform architects and engineers on design decisions for any renovation venture and help them take into account current complications and plan to address them throughout renovations and system adjustments. 

here are just a few questions to ask the end consumer:

  • Are certain systems in instant need of replacement? 
  • Can the proprietor prioritize them? 
  • What challenges retain them up at night?  
  • How reputable are the utilities? What reliability are they wanting to benefit? 
  • The next step is to find out who performs the protection on the programs or what native organizations supply the aid for the MEP techniques. It may be an uncomfortable query, however is essential to find out the capabilities of the staff. Rural hospitals and healthcare systems may additionally now not have the capabilities to deal with significant complex techniques, so their capacity to keep and function programs so as to operate at their choicest point is crucial to good performance and durability.

    one more pertinent query to reply is checking out the hospital’s dreams for the mission. Are their selections according to charge/price range, timeline, priority of care, certification, or up-to-date codes? Is there an extended-term imaginative and prescient for a rise in census or a variety or program exchange for the facility? 

    Self Regional Hospital Birthing and Outpatient Survey Center Addition - Custom Rooftop Air Handling Unit A customized rooftop air coping with unit on the Self Regional Healthcare Birthing and Outpatient center, Greenwood, S.C. image courtesy RMF Engineering

    again, these are things that can also inform selections and tips from the design group. The mission finances might also no longer meet the dreams of the owner, so the design team has to be capable of guide the proprietor via a decision-making manner to have the undertaking scope match the price range. If the schedule is essential, phasing the challenge can be crucial. Early design packages or necessities for longer-lead substances could be warranted. The project can be in a crucial care area or critical feature of the clinic, so downtime of building systems could need to be regarded and a dialogue in regards to the necessity of transient utilities reviewed. 

    Certification through native Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ’s) or different entities may require discussions between the proprietor and those corporations as to what's required and what will also be fairly carried out based on agenda or funds. 

    If current situation drawings aren't attainable or do not look like finished with probably the most latest design, an in depth box survey could be required. even if present situation drawings can be found, an in depth box survey of the area of renovation is advised to:

  • ascertain the present situation drawings are accurate.
  • document any trade that might also now not be captured on as-developed drawings and will doubtlessly affect the design of the renovation. 
  • Being able to determine the present mission conditions, determine new circumstances that are not proven within the present conditions drawings or might also have been undocumented, and word disconnection and reconnection elements to areas adjoining to the renovation will be important in providing awesome task files. bad design or scope gaps found during development can result in exchange orders and assignment can charge increases, which may be difficult for a rural entity to take in given their frequently-confined budgets for initiatives or upgrades. 

    If the challenge includes centralized heating or cooling equipment replacement, an realizing of the thermal demands of the area is crucial. This can be completed through numerous strategies.  

  • the first and premiere method is a evaluate of trend data, if obtainable. at the least three years of information is favorite to account for variations in seasonal temperature extremes. Chilled water fashion statistics can be plotted towards outside air enthalpy (or wet bulb temperature if enthalpy is unavailable). For heating, plot information versus the dry bulb temperature. This plot may still influence in tight grouping of aspects along a curve. If this is the case, the vogue records is likely official and might be utilized to estimate highest and minimum masses.  
  • If vogue facts is not available, an accounting for all gadget sizes by way of as-built document overview or box investigation can also be completed. this can supply the optimum talents load on the building. depending on the dimension and space mix within the facility, a diversity component can be applied.
  • apart from the evaluate of current demand-side machine, an understanding of supply-side equipment is vital. Interviews with facility operational staff should take region to verify whether the current gadget is capable of sustain with the calls for of the facility. this can verify the top equipment size. field observations of machine operation on height heating and cooling days will assist align building load estimates.  
  • ultimately, a square photos estimate of the ability and unitary load elements can be utilized as a last assess. 
  • by means of making use of the recommendations outlined above, both heating and cooling loads can assess and validate the sizing of a centralized thermal utility plant. in a similar way, for the electrical systems, meter records for the standard and emergency vigor programs has to be gathered and evaluated.

    PR_Graphic issues when renovating a rural clinic. graphic courtesy RMF Engineering Codes and necessities 

    As part of the review of the present situations in the task renovation scope, figuring out the codes and specifications the latest facility—or the power’s final renovation—turned into designed to meet will inform necessary design choices to bring the project scope up to latest requirements. standards and requirements from any AHJs should still even be reviewed to be aware if there are extra necessities that should be regarded all through design. 

    present facilities designed to outdated codes and requirements can also require extra work outside of the renovation scope to Boost and replace systems to agree to latest codes and necessities. reckoning on the age of the power and the closing renovation, this can vastly increase the can charge and complexity of the renovation. Thorough code analysis may still be executed at the side of the overview of the current constructing drawings and field surveys to keep in mind what extra scope, backyard of any proposed renovation can be indispensable. The advantage cost and schedule affects may still then be mentioned with the owner to check if the venture scope or price range needs to be adjusted hence. 

    Two critical codes concerning any hospital renovation are NFPA 99 and NFPA one hundred and one. 

    NFPA ninety nine: health Care amenities Code, is an essential code to evaluation for any healthcare design, notably because it relates to requirements for clinical gas techniques, grounding, and elementary electrical systems. 

    NFPA one hundred and one: lifestyles protection Code, is basic for healthcare because it pertains to patient safety and significant care of people that may also no longer be capable of self-protection. There are sections above all written for latest and new healthcare occupancies.

    NFPA ninety nine has criteria concerning the “ranges of care services or methods-based mostly fitness care capabilities or programs according to risk to the sufferers, personnel, or company” (NFPA ninety nine – 2018), along with tips on building MEP systems. scientific gas methods specific to healthcare facilities are lined in element as a part of this code, which is not covered in different codes or requirements. The code additionally has selected counsel on protection systems and emergency management, which might also inform proprietor resolution making.

    NFPA one zero one: life defense Code gives requirements for occupant insurance policy, structural integrity, insurance policy of hazardous substances throughout emergencies, mitigation of physical violence against occupants, and effectiveness of the building programs. The universal goals of the code are to provide a safe environment for occupants all the way through a fireplace to both folks that could be directly or indirectly affected, provide lifestyles protection right through emergencies, and provide reasonably protected emergency and non-emergency crowd movement.

    The foreign Mechanical Code does require healthcare amenities, including ambulatory care amenities, to agree to ASHRAE usual a hundred and seventy: air flow of health Care facilities. “The goal of this usual is to define air flow system design requirements that deliver environmental handle for comfort, asepsis, and odor in fitness care facilities” (ASHRAE one hundred seventy – 2017). 

    HVAC methods should conform to the requirements outlined in this commonplace, which covers device and distribution of conditioned air right through a building. Specifics regarding filtration, air alternate rates, pressurization, and temperature and humidity requirements are all lined within the average. 

    Two requirements of word that don't seem to be referenced in building codes are the facilities guidelines Institute guidelines for Design and building of Hospitals (FGI) and guidelines for Design and development of Outpatient amenities. The instructions for hospitals are standard for facilities the place sufferers could be in the facility for more than 24 hours. The outpatient amenities guidelines are geared toward ambulatory care facilities or different amenities where a patient’s dwell might be less than 24 hours. despite the fact these don't seem to be codes, they provide information for design that should still be regarded as a part of any healthcare project. 

    gadget Sizing

    identifying device is a important part of a successful MEP design assignment. one of the components that dictate gadget preference are driven by code. First and most fulfilling, all decisions have to meet any applicable design and building codes. as an example, state energy code or ASHRAE 90.1 will outline minimal effectivity requirements for most most important gadget in hospital settings. counting on the device, native and state health departments can also also dictate redundancy necessities. 

    Some device choice decisions go away the design team with more latitude. The number of items of a definite class of equipment or a system configuration are selections that may still be made closely between the design crew and proprietor.  

    the usage of the equipment in the past described listed here to estimate a facility’s chilled water load, a chiller equipment to serve the demand will need to be chosen. the primary choice to be made is the class of system to use. factors corresponding to first can charge, operating cost (efficiency), upkeep, and adaptability should still all be considered throughout the determination-making system. as an instance, a water-cooled equipment may additionally offer the highest quality chiller plant however optimum first charge, whereas an air-cooled plant may have low first can charge and ease of operations however have an improved working can charge. 

    as soon as device type is selected, it’s time to check how many and what dimension of equipment to make use of. as an instance, a facility that has a 500-ton top chilled water load could simply be served by using a single 500-ton laptop, but can that unit also turndown to serve the minimum demand with out excessive biking? additionally, to fulfill N+1 redundancy would require the installing of a 1,000-ton chiller plant. Consideration of two machines at 50% measurement or three at 33% might also serve the power better and also outcomes in a decrease first cost.   

    finally, there are many hard-to-quantify issues that should be regarded:

  • How supportive or close are the local producers’ service groups? If one manufacturer has a shop 10 miles away and an extra is a hundred miles away, it’s worth given that the brand with local assist.  
  • Does this facility have current systems or a sister facility with an identical methods? If there is consistency in the maintenance team of workers, retaining fewer forms or brands of device will ease the discovering curve for staff and reduce the number of spare constituents to maintain the equipment. 
  • Budgets and Financials

    Rural hospitals typically have each restrained budgets and confined opportunities to renovate or upgrade MEP techniques compared to hospitals in metropolitan areas. To strengthen practical building budgets for upgraded MEP techniques—and never be surprised on bid day—hospitals should still trust the age of the power, the purchasable labor force in a rural community, and the staffing in their personal protection departments. 

    the power manager or design team should agree with the following cost variables:

  • When was the power constructed? When turned into the closing time the system became renovated? 
  • What NFPA, Mechanical Code, Electrical Code, or NEC version become in location when the ability became built and/or ultimate renovated?
  • What does these days’s code require? as an example, ASHRAE a hundred and seventy requires for central cooling systems greater than four hundred lots peak cooling load that the number and arrangement of cooling sources, and elementary add-ons will probably be ample to support the proprietor’s facility operation plan upon a breakdown or activities protection. 
  • one other variable that should be regarded when developing budgets for MEP improvements is the linked professional development labor pool close the agricultural medical institution. changing a generator or chiller whereas the healthcare facility is operational requires a level of skills that's usually not available in a rural surroundings. As such, the budgets should encompass an expanded charge in mobilization, travel, and lodging in order to get skilled contractors to participate on bid day. 

    one more merchandise to believe in making a budget for MEP upgrades is the level of expertise in the preservation departments. Rural health center protection staff may handiest have the skill to handle small upkeep actions, while greater system repairs are outdoor of their capabilities. In these situations, owners may additionally have renovation contracts with backyard companies to cope with larger issues. 

    In these situations, meeting minimal code required for system redundancy isn't an choice. Half of the power may be without warmth or conditioned air for weeks if an out of doors service technician cannot be on site to restoration the machine or get the fundamental elements. Sizing a few generators, chillers, boilers, or lovers in an air dealing with unit should still be weighed with an knowing of how lengthy it might take to restore these programs.


    All tasks present pleasing challenges and opportunities, none extra so than MEP design for rural hospitals. As lots of these smaller amenities are being purchased with the aid of tremendous health facility systems, new possession need to take time to take note the intricacies of these amenities and rent skilled engineers who are delicate to those complexities. 

    The most excellent location to start is with a radical knowing of the existing facility. throughout the design process, codes and necessities are vital to suggested planning. moreover, MEP gadget sizing should be plenty different for rural hospitals than for big metropolitan centers. finally, protecting funds, staffing, and the lengthy-term imaginative and prescient and dreams in mind is key to a successful MEP infrastructure Boost at any rural clinic.

    concerning the AUTHORSBeth Crutchfield, PE, LEED AP, is partner and South Carolina Electrical Division manager with RMF Engineering. a licensed skilled engineer with 27+ years event, Crutchfield is a certified U.S. green constructing Council LEED authorised skilled (LEED AP), and is an energetic member of The Society of women Engineers.

    Jonathan Eveleth, PE, CEM, LEEP AP, is companion and North Carolina Infrastructure challenge manager with RMF Engineering. he is a certified knowledgeable engineer with 13+ years of experience within the design and building of chiller and boiler vegetation. 

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